–Oil Pollution Act of 1990

The Oil Pollution Act of 1990 (OPA), which amends part of FWPCA/CWA, requires owners and operators of tank vessels and onshore and offshore facilities to develop and submit for approval an Oil Response Plan.4 These plans must, among other things, identify a qualified individual (QI) who is immediately available and who has full authority to implement actions provided in the plans.

Response plans must identify and ensure the availability of private personnel and equipment necessary to remove discharge to the maximum extent practicable.

4 33 U.S.C. 2701 et seq, 1223, 1321, 2712, 2716; 46 U.S.C. 4107, 3701, 3715;33 C.F.R. Parts 1–3, 20, 26, 150, 155–157, 160–62, 164 and 165; 46 C.F.R. Parts 10, 12, 16 and 30–32.