What consequences do lawbreakers face?
A number of U.S. laws cover pollution incidents and penalties. Below, we list some of the civil and criminal penalties that those laws include, as well as other laws that cover offenses such as lying to government officials. If you are concerned about the actions of others on the vessel, you may want to share this information with them. Most offenses involve making untrue statements to investigators, and/or intentionally altering or falsifying record books before an investigation begins.
Mariners have recently faced jail time of up to six years, fines of up to $250,000 and bans on entering the United States for three years.
The U.S. Department of Justice makes the final decision on whether (and under what conditions) to prosecute criminal violations of marine safety and environmental laws.